DETERMINANTS OF SAFETY COMPLIANCE AMONG EMPLOYEES OF A MULTINATIONAL FIRM IN NIGERIA
Extant studies have established that safety behaviour has consequences on organisational performance and effectiveness. However, factors mitigating or exacerbating safety behavior varies from one setting to another. Research is needed to investigate factors influencing safety compliance in the tobacco industry. This study examines the determinants of safety compliance among employees of a British American Tobacco, Nigeria. Using triangulation safety sanctions, safety incentive, health locus of control, safety self- efficacy and self-esteem were isolated for the study constructs. A cross-sectional survey design was employed for the study, a proportionate and simple random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of n = 200 employees using a survey questionnaire designed to elicit data from the respondents. Three hypotheses were stated and the data analyzed using correlation and regression analyses. Result revealed a positive significant relationship between safety sanctions, safety incentives, and health locus of control, safety efficacy, safety climate, and healthy self-esteem and safety compliance. After controlling for Age, Gender and Tenure, safety climate, safety sanctions, safety incentive, health locus of control, safety efficacy and self-esteem constructs independently and jointly predicted employee safety compliance. The implications for safety behavior, climate, and compliance initiatives are discussed.